Main Parts For Building A PC
The CPU is like the brain of your PC, it processes all the information to make your PC work, When buying a CPU, there are 2 main things to look for, the clock speed and the number of cores. There are 2 CPU manufacturers, Intel and AMD, Intel makes the best CPUs for gaming and also makes workstation and server CPUs, for other tasks such as Rendering, Streaming or Multitasking, AMD’s Ryzen CPUs are a better choice, some programs are optimized for a specific brand CPU, so when you choose a CPU, make sure that the apps you will use work well with your CPU, Software from Adobe like Premiere or Photoshop are optimized for Intel CPUs so you will get better performance when using them with an Intel CPU
The CPU cooler is a very important part for your PC, it keeps the CPU cool so it won’t overheat. When buying a cooler, you have 3 options, An HSF (Air cooler), an AIO (Liquid Cooler) and another choice is to make a custom water cooling loop, I wont explain the 3rd option as it is harder and for more advanced builders. An HSF works by transferring heat from the CPU to metal pipes which then are cooled by a fan, the main advantage of using this one is that it costs less and since there are less moving parts, it makes less noise. An AIO works by transferring heat from the CPU to water which is then pumped through a tube to a radiator where the water is cooled, the advantage of having an AIO is that they keep the CPU cooler and even allow heavy overclocking.
The motherboard holds most of your PC’s components, it connects them together and transfers signals and power, before you choose your motherboard, these are the main things to consider
Is your CPU compatible?
When selecting your motherboard you have to see if your CPU will fit, each CPU model has a specific socket so you have to check if it will fit in your motherboard.
Does it have enough RAM slots?
Most motherboards support up to 64GB of RAM depending on the CPU, but others can use even more than 128GB.
Does it fit in your case?
There are different sizes for motherboards, when choosing a motherboard you have to check if it will fit in your case.
How many drives can it use?
When choosing your motherboard you have to consider how much storage drives it can use, most Motherboards support up to 6 drives.
Random Access Memory, is a type of super fast storage that can be accessed by the CPU and is used to store information on the current task that is being performed, when buying RAM, there are 4 main things to look for, the speed, the CAS Latency, Type and the size. RAM speed is measured in MHz, usually, higher speed is better but the CPU has a speed limit for the RAM, most Intel CPUs have a limit of 2666MHz, when buying an AMD CPU, you should try to get the fastest RAM available with speeds of at least 3000MHz. Another way to see if a RAM module is good is by checking the CAS Latency, lower CAS is better and is usually better than faster speed. There a different types of RAM, the two main types used are DDR3 and DDR4, most modern CPUs use DDR4 RAM but that is a very important thing to check as a DDR3 RAM will not fit in a DDR4 slot. RAM size is measured in GB, For gaming, 16GB or even 8GB are more than enough but for other tasks like Video Editing, Rendering and using software like Auto CAD or other creative software, 32GB or more isn’t too much.
The storage drives are where all your data and files are stored, there are 2 main types of drives, SSD(Solid State Drive) and HDD(Hard Disk Drive), an SSD is much faster than an HDD, there are 2 types of SSDs, A SATA SSD and An NVMe SSD, a SATA SSD is connected using a SATA cable while an NVMe SSD is connected through an M.2 slot, NVMe SSDs are much faster than SATA SSDs but are also more expensive, most modern motherboards have at least 1 M.2 slot but make sure to check before buying. Inside an HDD(Hard Disk Drive), there is a disk that is always spinning where all the Data is recorded, the advantage of having an HDD is that you can get a lot of storage for a much lower price than an SSD but since the HDD has many moving parts, it doesn’t last very long and if it gets damaged, you will lose anything you stored in it, I recommend getting a small SATA or NVMe SSD for your OS and important software and an HDD for other files and things.
The GPU(Graphics Processing Unit) is one of the little things that are optional when building a PC, for gaming, having a GPU is usually a requirement but there are some games that can work with the CPU’s integrated graphics, there are 2 GPU manufacturers, AMD and NVIDIA, currently, the best GPUs for gaming are from NVIDIA, The most powerful GPU, the Titan V is from NVIDIA, when choosing a GPU the 3 main things to check are the Memory, the speed and the size, The memory most modern GPUs use is GDDR5 while some high-end GPUs use GDDR5X Memory, the speed also is an important thing, the base speed, depending on the GPU model usually ranges from 1.10GHz to 1.80GHz and the GPU can be overclocked to reach a higher speed. The size is also an important thing to check to make sure it will fit in your case.
The case is where you will put all of your components, you can choose from multiple colors and sizes. The main things to check for when choosing a case are
Does Your Motherboard Fit?
Since there are different motherboard and case sizes, you have to make sure your motherboard fits in the case
Does Your CPU Cooler Fit?
Most cases have enough space to fit most HSF coolers but if you want an AIO you have to make sure your radiator fits.
Does Your GPU Fit?
GPUs can be different lengths so you have to check if the GPU will fit, sometimes you can fit a GPU but it will disable some drive bays.
Does It Have Front Drive Bays?
Front drive bays are where you put Optical drives and fan controllers, some cases have front drive bays while others don’t, optical drives aren’t very useful anymore but if you want one, make sure that your case has front drive bays.
Does It Have Enough Bays For Your Drives?
Cases have different amounts of drive bays, the drive bays are where you put your storage drives, there are 2 types of drive bays, 2.5 inch for SSDs and 3.5 inch for HDDs.
The PSU(Power Supply Unit) is one of the most important parts of your PC, the power supply provides power to all of your components, it is never a good idea to go cheap on your PSU as a bad PSU can burn your components and some very bad ones provide a very real fire hazard. There are 3 things to check when buying a PSU,
Is it modular?
There are 3 types of power supplies, Fully modular, Semi modular and non modular. Fully modular power supplies come without any cables installed, the advantage of these is that you only connect the cables you will use. Semi modular power supplies cone with only some cables installed and non modular power supplies come with all the cables installed.
Does it provide enough power?
The power a PSU provides is measured in watts, you should get a power supply that provides enough power for your PC, I recommend getting at least 80W more than your PC need so you can overclock your components and upgrade them in the future.
What Rating is it?
The ratings are 80+, 80+ Bronze, 80+ Silver, 80+ Gold, 80+ Platinum and 80+ Titanium, the rating measures the efficiency of the PSU, I recommend getting a 80+ Gold PSU.